Still another example is explosive ordnance disposal.
commander "may provide assistance when requested by federal agencies or civil
authorities in the interest of preserving public safety. When delay in responding
to such a request would endanger life or cause injury, commanders may authorize
assistance to the extent necessary to prevent injury or death." (DA Pam 27-21,
paragraph 3-18d.) This assistance, then, is provided "in the interest of...public
safety." (AR 75-15, paragraph 3-2a.) It normally requires referral of the matter to
Again, if such delay "would endanger life or cause injury,
commanders may authorize assistance to that extent necessary, to prevent injury or
death." (AR 75-15, paragraph 3-2a.)
Similarly, AR 190-12, paragraph 4-7, deals with requests for "explosive
detector dog team assistance." Installation commanders may provide such assistance
to civil authorities "upon determination that such assistance is required in the
interest of public safety." In such cases, "only the dog team's searching and
detecting capabilities will be utilized when providing assistance to civil
Use of the dog team to track and search a building or area for,
and/or detect...an intruder or offender or suspect is prohibited." (AR 190-12,
WHY IS THIS PROHIBITED?
THE PROPOSED OPERATION VIOLATES THE POSSE COMITATUS ACT. FURTHER, CID
POLICY MEMORANDUM #5 HAS BEEN REPLACED BY DOD IG MEMORANDUM, DATED 1
THIS MEMORANDUM ALLOWS THE MILITARY TO CONDUCT OFFPOST,
COVERT DRUG OPERATIONS THAT TARGET CIVILIAN DRUG DEALERS WHO ARE NOT
SUBJECT TO THE UCMJ, IF THERE ARE REASONABLE GROUNDS TO BELIEVE THAT THE
TARGETED CIVILIANS ARE DISTRIBUTING ILLEGAL DRUGS TO MEMBERS OF THE
MILITARY OR ARE WORKING IN CONJUNCTION WITH MILITARY DRUG DEALERS.
INVESTIGATORS ARE REQUIRED TO COORDINATE SUCH COVERT OPERATIONS WITH THE
SUPPORTING SJA OFFICE, THE APPROPRIATE CIVILIAN PROSECUTOR'S OFFICE, AND
THE CIVILIAN POLICE AGENCIES AFFECTED BEFORE BEGINNING THESE OPERATIONS.
WHY DOESN'T THIS VIOLATE THE POSSE COMITATUS ACT?
THERE IS AN "ARMY INTEREST" HERE. THE ARMY, FOR ONE THING, IS THE VICTIM
OF THE CRIME.
ALSO, THERE IS A "REASONABLE BASIS TO BELIEVE THAT A
SUSPECT MAY BE SUBJECT TO THE UCMJ." (AR 195-2, PARAGRAPH 3-lb.) REMEMBER,
WHEN THE PRIMARY PURPOSE OF THE INVESTIGATION FULFILLS A LEGITIMATE DA
INTEREST, ANY INCIDENTAL BENEFIT TO THE CIVIL AUTHORITIES DOES NOT
CONSTITUTE A VIOLATION OF THE ACT.
PART I - AUTHORITY AND JURISDICTION ASPECTS OF TERRORISM
We have touched upon many of these problems throughout this subcourse.
USC Sections 2331 to 2338 entitled "Terrorism" set out a series of offenses
involving international terrorism.