ANSWER KEY AND FEEDBACK
The system stressed reformation rather than serving sentences until expiration. Thus, we find the
basis for rehabilitative training, which endures to this day (page 10).
The term of incarceration depended upon the progress of the prisoner (page 10).
The first real penitentiary in the new world.
It was the first real penitentiary in the new world (page 9).
Each prisoner occupied a separate cell and exercise yard to prevent interaction. (page 10)
The first federal prison was originally established at Rock Island Depot, Illinois; Congress shifted
the facility to Fort Leavenworth, Kansas in May 1874 (page 12).
It was the first system to become self-supporting (page 10).
True juvenile establishments.
Introduction of a true juvenile establishment in the United States was due to the work of John
Griscom, 1774-1852 (page 10).
Separate correctional system for juvenile offenders.
The Parkhurst Act is significant in that it was the first step taken by a modern state to establish a
separate correctional system for juveniles and youthful offenders (page 11).