ANSWER KEY AND FEEDBACK
Correct Answer and Feedback
Need for self-fulfillment or self-actualization.
Progressing up the hierarchy, the highest human need in Maslow's hierarchy is self-fulfillment
Leadership involves understanding, analyzing, predicting, and managing human behavior (page
A value system.
Values are man's psychological center and form his character. To truly understand a person, it is
therefore necessary to identify and be able to understand a person's value system (page 100).
How can values be identified? Personal values are those traits that are representative of an
individual's moral character.
Political values include loyalty to one's country, concern for the national welfare, adherence to
democratic principles and the American Way, public service, voting, civic responsibility, and free
elections (page 101).
Stress can be positive or negative (page 103).
The directing style.
Leaders using this style don't solicit input from subordinates and give detailed instructions on how,
when, and where they want a task performed (page 105).
A silent communication that physically expresses one's emotional moods and reactions, often
without one's awareness (page 109).
The participating style.
The participating style centers on both the leader and the team. Given a mission, leaders ask
subordinates for input, information, and recommendations but make the final decision on what to do
themselves (page 105).