THE MILITARY JUSTICE SYSTEM
TERMINAL LEARNING OBJECTIVE:
This lesson is designed to provide the different aspects of the Military Justice System as they are
applied to the Army correctional system. It will enable an understanding of the entire scope of the
Military Justice System.
Given this subcourse
You must demonstrate knowledge of the task by scoring at least 70 percent
correct answers on the final subcourse exam.
MCM Manual for Courts-Martial
The military justice system is comprised of various individuals or groups of individuals fulfilling
differing responsibilities and carrying out various duties. Internment Resettlement Specialists
comprise one of the most important groups in this field. If facilities were not run properly, the
entire system would be severely jeopardized. While it is of utmost importance to be thoroughly
familiar with the duties and responsibilities of working in a confinement facility, it is also important
to understand the entire scope of the military justice system. This is important from a personal
standpoint as well as from a job-related point of view.
PART A - The Levels of Military Justice System.
Understand and be able to explain the basic provisions of the Joint Ethics Regulation.
1. There are three primary levels of military justice. The most important level, and the one with
which internment resettlement specialists are directly concerned, is the judicial or court-martial
level. At this level a Soldier may be placed in a confinement facility either in a pretrial status or
pursuant to a court-martial order. The other two levels are classified as administrative and
nonjudicial. As a point of orientation and in order to understand the entire military justice system,
these two levels shall be briefly discussed.
2. Army policy dictates that if disciplinary action is required, this level should be pursued first,
if appropriate. A commanding officer has certain powers and authority to discipline the members of
his command administratively. These actions, which are classified as nonpunitive, include the