27. Review of Court-Martial Findings and Sentences. The initial review of every court-
martial is conducted by the convening authority. In the case of a general court-martial, the
convening authority must refer the record to his staff judge advocate for recommendation before
making his review.
28. Review by the Court of Military Review. This court must hear all cases for which the
c. Dishonorable discharge.
d. Bad conduct discharge.
e. Confinement of 1 year or more.
29. This court also must hear any cases involving a general or flag officer. In other cases, the
judge advocate general may, at his discretion, direct the court to hear a particular case; the decision
is forwarded to the staff judge advocate at the installation where the accused is located.
30. Review of the Court of Military Appeals. This is the highest court of appeals in the
military judicial system. Its membership is composed of three civilian judges appointed by the
President for a term of 15 years. The Court of Military Appeals must hear all cases--
a. Affecting a general or flag officer.
b. Extending to death.
c. Received from the judge advocate general of the Army.
31. In addition, the court may agree to review any case previously reviewed by the Court of
Military Review, upon petition of the accused.
PART B - Prisoner Status.
1. As with other tasks in the corrections field, knowledge should be acquired that will help you
to build a rapport with prisoners. One way of doing this is to be able to explain to the prisoners
what they are entitled to by virtue of their status and to answer any questions they might have
concerning their confinement. Status is also the basis for billeting and employment of the prisoners.
2. Status is determined by the type of confinement and the progress of court-martial charges.
Each prisoner has a status upon being confined.
3. Refer to Lesson 2 and review the definitions of status for detainee, adjudged, sentenced,
officer, and casual prisoners.