counseling techniques is based on the experience, knowledge, and background of the counselor and his dealings
with the prisoner.
a. Generalized counseling is objective guidance by mature corrections NCOs in areas of their own
experience and training. It is normally non-technical in nature and is based on the experience the counselor has
had in facing problems. In essence, it is nothing more than telling it like it is. This is when the counselor can
be most effective because he has, in all probability, faced these general problem areas and mastered them.
Some examples of generalized, or non-technical, areas of counseling are--
(1) Meeting financial obligations and the importance of meeting such obligations fully and promptly.
(2) The importance of correct attitude and individual responsibility to one's self and to others.
(3) Proper conduct and appearance.
(4) The advantages of further education and training, whether the prisoner is to remain in military
service or not.
Note: The counselor can both encourage the prisoner in this area and obtain special counseling for the
prisoner to determine the appropriate program. There are many such areas--no listing can ever be
complete. The counselor must always be alert for opportunities.
b. Specialized counseling is guidance by professionally trained persons in the areas of their training and
experience. The program should include group and individual counseling by chaplains, commanders, legal
assistance officers, and behavioral science specialists. Use of available services (such as mental health, Red
Cross, Alcohol and Drug Prevention and Control Program, Army Emergency Relief, and Army Community
Service) is recommended.
(1) The surgeon whose assistance can be sought in any problem of health, physical ailment, or illness.
Removal or cure of a physical defect, for example, may change a prisoner's attitude and behavior.
(2) The mental hygiene consultation service. Any prisoner who displays any indication of mental
abnormality, erratic or unusual behavior, must be referred to this service for psychiatric examination.
(3) The chaplain will advise and counsel prisoners on any problems concerned with religion or ethics.
He will also provide character guidance instruction, assist in personality adjustment, counsel in marital affairs,
and assist in similar areas.
(4) The staff judge advocate. Any matters pertaining to the prisoner's trial or sentence, or any appeals
or similar actions, must be referred to the staff judge advocate. He will also provide assistance in any personal
legal affairs or actions.
(5) The inspector general. A prisoner may have a problem or complaint that is appropriate for
investigation by the inspector general.
9. The number of prisoner counselors in the counseling organization is determined by the type or size of the
facility and by the prisoner population.