a. The Risk Factor. The movement of prisoners from one place to another outside the facility, whether it
be a detail or a group of prisoners being transferred to another facility, requires the use of established
procedures and techniques so that custody and control can be maintained. The period of movement offers the
greatest opportunity for an attempted escape; therefore, alertness, attention to duty, and adherence to proven
procedures and techniques are essential.
b. Restrain Prisoners. Prisoners may be handcuffed at the discretion of the movement commander.
However, handcuffing procedures should be established before the movement begins. Special precautions
should be taken to ensure that troublemakers, abnormal behavior cases, and escape-risk prisoners are not
handcuffed to each other. In addition, prisoners should be seated where they can be under constant observation.
Prisoners should not be handcuffed to fixed objects during transportation.
c. Use of Hand Irons. Prior to the application on a prisoner, inspect the hand irons for serviceability.
Also, check the double-locking pin by squeezing the iron after the pin has been depressed. After the inspection
has been completed, the hand irons are ready to be applied to a prisoner. Basically there are three positions for
(1) Apply the hand irons with prisoner's arms in front of him. Stand to the front of the prisoner. If the
prisoner is uncooperative, be sure that at least one other Internment Resettlement Specialist or MP is present
when applying or removing hand irons. Direct the prisoner to extend both arms to the front with his elbows
extended and locked and his palms facing each other. With your right hand, grasp the hand iron by the chain, so
that the keyholes are facing out toward you and the double locks are oriented to the up position. Maintain a
firm grip on hand irons. Do not allow them to hang from the prisoner's wrist. With your left hand grasp the
prisoner's right hand using the handshake method. With your right hand, apply the hand iron to the prisoner's
right wrist so the double lock is up and the keyhole is facing you. Tighten the cuffs, being careful not to cut off
circulation. Check tightness by inserting one fingertip between the prisoner's wrist and the irons. With your
left hand, firmly grip the chain in order to maintain control of the hand iron. Grasp the prisoner's left hand,
using the handshake method, with your right hand. Using your free hand, apply the hand iron to the left wrist of
the prisoner so that the double lock is up and the keyhole is facing you. Tighten the hand irons, being careful
not to cut off the prisoner's circulation. Check the tightness by inserting one fingertip between the prisoner's
wrists and the irons. Double-lock both hand irons by using the tip of the hand iron key. Check double-lock by
squeezing the hand irons.
(2) Apply hand irons to a prisoner with his hands placed behind him. Stand to the rear of the prisoner
and direct him to place his left hand behind his back with the palm facing out. Maintain a firm grip on the hand
irons. Do not allow them to hang from the prisoner's wrist. Using the handshake method, grasp the prisoner's
left hand with your left hand. Apply the hand iron with your right hand so that the double lock is up and the
keyhole is facing you. Direct the prisoner to place his right hand behind his back with the palm facing out.
Grasp his right hand with your right, using the handshake method. With your left hand, apply the hand irons
with the double lock up and the keyhole facing you. Tighten the hand iron. Check each hand iron by inserting
one fingertip between the prisoner's wrist and the hand iron to be sure it is not too tight. Double-lock both hand
irons. Check double-lock by squeezing the hand irons.
(3) Use of Leg Irons. As with hand irons, leg irons must also be inspected prior to application on a
prisoner. After the inspection and when you are satisfied the leg irons are in proper working condition, stand
behind the prisoner and have him spread his feet approximately shoulder-width apart. While maintaining
balance, crouch behind the prisoner and grasp one of his ankles. Maintain a firm grip on the leg irons and do
lay the leg irons on the floor. Apply the leg iron above the ankle so that the keyhole is up and the double lock is
facing you. Tighten the leg iron without cutting off the prisoner's circulation. (It may be necessary to turn
down the boot tops to make room for the leg irons.) Grasp the chain between the leg irons to keep control of the