LESSON 2/TASK 1
There are many different types of MP patrols. The factors listed above must be matched against the
advantages and disadvantages of each type of patrol. From that, the type of patrol best suited and
available for the specific task can be determined. Environmental and climatic factors must also be
Fixed/Static Posts. These types of posts are used primarily to secure selected facilities or locations. In
many cases, they are access control posts.
Examples might include a highly classified
communications facility, war room, or other limited or restricted area. Some other examples are:
o Maintaining visitor and/or vehicle control.
o Information and assistance posts.
o Posts for control/surveillance at special events.
Some of these posts may be temporary, while others may be 24-hour posts. It is a common pitfall to
assume that such a post requires only three persons for a 24-hour period. This is true for any given
day. However, over the period of a year, it will require approximately 4.8 persons. This figure allows
for leave, illnesses, training, and similar factors. Because of this, fixed posts are very labor intensive.
They also usually lack flexibility. The MP manning the post cannot be diverted to other duties should
an emergency situation arise. If he could, there probably would be no requirement for the fixed post in
the first place.
Foot Patrols. Foot, or walking, patrols are made up of one or two MP that are assigned a specific patrol
area. They are analogous to the "beat cop" and walk through their patrol area. There are advantages
and disadvantages to foot patrols. Some of the advantages include closer person-to-person contact.
Foot patrolmen usually develop a greater familiarity with the area, in greater detail, than do motor
patrols. They learn who the people are in their patrol area. They can provide immediate traffic control
when required. Such patrols are also effective as a deterrence and can check doors and windows for
security, as well as detect any possible tampering. Some studies have shown that crime was reduced
in foot patrol areas. Nuisance calls were cut almost in half. The general public felt more secure and
the police involved felt they developed a better rapport with the people.