o Identification and apprehension of offenders.
o Maintenance of order and discipline.
(2) The type of patrols used to meet these objectives were described previously. Which type
or types are used depends upon the needs of the particular installation. The most common types are--
o Fixed/static post.
o Foot patrol.
o Motor patrol.
(3) Fixed/static patrols provide surveillance over an area or building. Examples include:
MP manned gates.
Building access control guard.
Ammo storage of bunkertype guard posts.
Other static posts.
(4) Foot patrols have traditionally played an important part in law enforcement and crime
prevention. However, with increasing populations and larger areas to cover, the importance of this
method has declined. The advantages of foot patrols are--
o Intensive enforcement in high crime areas.
o Close protection of doors, loading docks, motor pools, and areas of limited visibility.
o A significant part in community relations programs.
The nature of foot patrol work causes a number of disadvantages. The disadvantages are the--
Limited area of coverage.
Limited availability of special equipment.
Lack of communication with the desk sergeant.
Excessive response time.
Requirement for rapid backup by motor units.
(5) The motor vehicle has proven to be one of the best means of patrolling. It allows military
To be highly mobile.
To carry a variety of emergency equipment.
To be protected against inclement weather.
To remain in constant communication with the police station.
Motor patrols are assigned according to the principle of selective enforcement. That is, assignment is
made to areas that do not require the intensive police action of foot patrols. To assist foot patrols,
motor patrols may be assigned routes that crisscross foot patrol areas. Motor patrol personnel may
dismount to check selected places.