apprehended by personnel specifically assigned such duties. The real troublemakers are usually to the
rear of the crowd.
The detail leader is responsible for briefing his assigned personnel on activities relating to that
particular mission. These techniques are summarized below.
10. Teamwork. Protection demands teamwork. Success depends upon the cooperation and
assistance of others. The failure of one person may cancel out the efforts of the whole organization.
Protective personnel must be rehearsed so well that in an emergency, despite excitement and emotion,
they will instinctively act correctly. They must be familiar with all phases of a protective mission. This
will include the special techniques for protecting the dignitary when he is traveling by motor vehicle,
train, air, boat, walking, and in public assemblies.
11. Protection While Riding in Vehicles. The type of the vehicle to be used should be considered. A
closed car provides greater concealment and, therefore, provides better protection for the principal. In
field environments it may be more practical for the principal to be transported in a tactical vehicle such
as the HVMV rather than an armored sedan.
All automotive equipment must be in excellent mechanical condition and should be regularly inspected
for signs of tampering. Drivers should be well-trained and reliable. Vehicles must be secured at all
times during the security mission. A lead vehicle should precede the protected vehicle.
The follow vehicle should follow the protected vehicle as closely as possible consistent with driving
safety. A pilot car should precede the convoy by about one half mile to observe hazards and report on
any unusual conditions.
A spare vehicle should follow the convoy a short distance in the rear for use in emergencies. The lead,
follow, and all security vehicles should maintain radio contact. The DL or PSO should be seated in the
right front of the principal's vehicle.
Fixed posts at bridges, underpasses, and railroad crossings may be set: up when deemed necessary.
An alternate route should be arranged for emergency requirements. Unless indicated otherwise by
competent authority, the motorcade will conform with local traffic regulations. They will maintain a rate
of speed consistent with road conditions.
Each situation is evaluated to determine the degree of security that is practical and necessary. The
security vehicle may drop behind and follow at a discreet distance when hazards are minimal. There
must be good judgment on the part of the officer in charge in solving the various situations that arise.
Figure 1-2 shows a typical motorcade arrangement.
12. Travel by Train. The greatest potential security hazards often exist at the point where the
protected person boards or leaves the train. Usually, this is a congested area with numerous persons
carrying all sorts of bags,