a. In a fixed surveillance, or stakeout, it is the subject that remains
stationary. The surveillant may move around for closer observation of the area
or subject. When one surveillant is detailed to watch a place with more than
one exit, he may have to move about considerably. That way he can maintain the
When preparing for a stakeout, the base of operations
should be well-planned. It may be a store, apartment, house, automobile, or
area or building where the surveillance is to take place. Necessary equipment
should be considered. This might include binoculars, electronic investigative
aids, cameras, and sound recording devices.
Specific arrangements should be
made to give surveillants relief.
should be arranged. In cases where the surveillant cannot observe from a fixed
base, it may be necessary for him to assume a role that will not attract undue
attention. Such roles might be that of a salesman, junk collector, telephone
repairman, newspaper vendor, or other occupation.
The use of disguised vans
b. During fixed surveillances, the surveillants should avoid any actions
that may compromise the investigative mission; investigators conducting the
surveillance should arrive singly, dressed to blend into the neighborhood; the
arrival of equipment or the relieving and departing of surveillants should be