discharging facilities for tankers at ports of other points of entry. These
systems also include inland tank farms and dispersing facilities; pump
stations; and extended pipelines. These systems are vulnerable to a variety
of security threats at all points. That vulnerability reaches from point of
entry to point of final delivery.
a. Petroleum receiving procedures and safeguards.
(1) Check vessels to reveal quantities received and intransit ocean
These checks should be based on the ship's tank gauges.
petroleum is discharged into barges or tank trucks for further shipment.
(2) The receiver of the delivery should sign receipt only for the
quantity of product received.
He should maintain a dispatch-receipt log on
all commercial truck deliveries. It is his duty to verify transit time from
the main terminal to the receiving site-by checking the delivery receipt
dispatch time. The receiver must check all hatch covers and discharge points
to make sure they are secured by numbered seals. Finally, before discharge
of the tank truck, he is to check the items listed below for discrepancies.
(a) Check the fuel level; ensure that
(b) Inspect the calibration ring; ensure it is fixed in place by a
numbered lead seal or by welding. In addition, check for any indication of
tampering or readjustment of this ring. This is a common means of deception.
(c) The depth of the calibration ring below the manhole should be
measured. This will assure that it corresponds with the height listed on the
truck's calibration table.
Do so by measuring the distance from the upper
surface to the brim of the manhole to the bottom of the calibration ring.
(d) Sample each component for purity.
(3) After fuel is off-loaded, inspect each compartment.
it is empty and there are no hidden compartments or other changes intended to
divert fuel. A review of "Lessons Learned" disclosed that two 3,000 gallon
commercial tanker trucks were confiscated in one operation.
One truck had
two special compartments containing approximately 1,000 gallons of diesel
fuel (one-third of the truckload); the other truck had one special
compartment containing 700 gallons.
(4) Receiving personnel must inspect each shipment of package
This will ensure that each package or drum is sealed.
also assure that there is no sign of leakage and the exact number of
containers is received.
Personnel should also spot check a few containers.
They should ensure the containers are full of the items receipted for.
(5) Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) cylinders are highly desired for
the black market.
Without the cylinders, local demand for the gas is