coordination of combined and joint security forces (to include the host
Other problems relate to intelligence information requirements,
Security needs depend mainly upon
the nature of the threat to inland waterways, waterborne traffic and port
installations. The security measures will vary. They will depend upon the
seriousness of the threat and the vulnerability of shipping and terminal
a. Problem areas for port, harbor and vessels.
(1) Physical security of docks and vessels have threats unique to
port security. Water adds another dimension to the security problem, for the
water side of a port cannot be fenced off.
Saboteurs or pilferers may use
boats to get into the port area.
Underwater swimmers are another threat.
(2) Other threats, related to any physical security situation, are
also present. Explosive devices may be placed in pilings, under docks, or on
Pilferage is likely on board ships and during unloading
It's also likely in storage or when material is removed from
port for delivery.
Natural threats, such as flooding, hurricanes, and fire
can be damaging to a port facility.
b. Physical security of port, harbor, and vessels.
(1) Physical layout of the port area must be considered: size of the
land area covered; length of the waterfront; surroundings; types of docking
facilities (piers, quays, beaches, and off-shore anchorages); storage and
warehouse facilities, and their construction; type of water area serving the
port (river, bay, harbor, open water); and characteristics of the waterfront
(2) Protection of the landward side of the port facility involves all
of the principles of standard compound security.
(a) Perimeter barriers should be sufficient to deter illegal entry
and to delay an intruder. They should serve to direct authorized persons to
proper entry points.
(b) Lighting is important around the perimeter as well as within
the port area.
(c) Intrusion detection devices, if available, may be installed to
provide security in depth.
(d) The identification and control system has its first point of
enforcement at the perimeter gates.
(3) Materiel and equipment brought into
measures necessary to provide adequate security.