Security Threats. Security threats are acts or conditions which might
disrupt the post.
Examples are damage, loss, or destruction of property;
personal injury or loss of life.
Compromise of defense information is
There are two major classes of security threats; natural
a. Natural threats.
Natural security threats are the consequence of
natural phenomena. Some, however, can be caused by human action. Physical
security measures cannot prevent loss, damage, or destruction of property.
They cannot prevent injury and loss of like due to these types of threats.
After natural disaster, basic security measures may be rendered ineffective
for a while. Emergency plans should be coordinated with physical plans. The
aim should be to control the situation and reinstate security measures.
(1) Floods, tornadoes, fires, and earthquakes are natural threats.
So are fog, snow and ice, and wind. Any of these can destroy installations.
Any can destroy lives. The actual effect of these on the physical protection
of the post is of prime importance.
Alarm systems may be inoperative;
communication will likely be disrupted; perimeter fences may be down;
property may be scattered, inviting looting.
Advance planning allows
security personnel to manage a crisis situation. It allows them to implement
protective measures to the greatest extent possible.
(2) Earthquakes frequently break gas lines.
This increases the
possibility that fires may begin. Security personnel must be on the alert to
notify firefighters immediately. Intruders may capitalize on the situation.
They may enter the post while security personnel are busy.
(3) Limited visibility creates vast problems.
The cause can be
darkness, fog, heavy rain, or sand storms.
Response time to alarms may be
restricted. Thus, saboteurs, thieves, and espionage agents could cause grave
harm before they are apprehended. Criminals can use these conditions to hide
These are necessary for secured areas.
Such measures would
offset the advantages criminals otherwise would have.
b. Human threats. Human threats are varied. They result from a state-
of-mind, attitude, weakness, or character trait. These may occur in one or
more persons. These threats include acts of commission or omission; they may
be overt or covert.
Any one of these threats could disrupt or destroy the
post operation or mission. Human threats are physical acts. Human behavior
cannot be accurately predicted; therefore, security planning must be based on
the assumption that a risk does exist.
Espionage and theft are human
So are sabotage and terrorism.
All of these call for grave
attention in security planning.
a. Espionage is the act of spying on a country. It occurs when the agent
secretly or under false pretenses, searches out information or makes
observations; the goal is the intention of passing this data to another
country. Every member of the Army is a target for espionage activities. This