e. Political bombings in recent decades have presented the most serious
threat to society.
(1) Terrorists use bombings as a tool to call attention to and
publicize their cause. They do so to show the weakness or helplessness of
governments. They may do so to extort money, supplies, or the freeing of
Bombing government offices destroys records and
(2) Political bombings are psychological tools.
f. Civil rights disputes all over the US since the early sixties
resulted in bombing attacks. These attacks took place on schools, churches,
residents, and prominent persons.
Bomb Threat Planning Considerations.
a. Preventive Measures. As stated before, there are many motives and
techniques used in bombings. Preventive measures, then, must provide useful
guidance in a crisis and cover a variety of cases. The person responsible
for the bomb threat plan must consider the three things needed for a
(a) Ability to make and detonate an explosive device.
(c) Opportunity to place the bomb at the desired target.
Special attention must be given to (c), because this is the one area in
which a law enforcing organization has the best chance to discourage a bomb
incident. Enough preventive measures and physical security precautions must
be established. Then, the opportunity to obtain explosives and place bombs
will be reduced.
Also, a good bomb threat plan and a well-rehearsed
procedure for handling them and incidents will reduce the chances of a bomb
being detonated. See Appendix A for a sample format to be distributed and
used to record valuable information relating to bomb threat calls.
documentation may provide clues and other useful data for security
b. Physical Security Measures.
FM 19-30 presents a discussion of
physical security measures. These measures may be used to limit the chance
of this organization or facility experiencing a bomb threat. Such measures
include but are not limited to the following: