13. Other Considerations. Other questions must be answered when preparing
the bomb threat plan. These are as follows:
a. Who has the authority to order evacuation?
The CO or building
supervisor or bomb scene officer have the authority to order evacuation.
MPs do NOT order evacuation.
b. Who makes the decision to permit re-entry into the building after a
search in which no bomb is found? The Bomb Scene Officer in control of the
operation. MPs do NOT order re-entry into a building.
c. How will evacuation be signaled?
Establish a signal for evacuation
and proceed according to the plan.
d. If evacuation is ordered, what procedures will be followed?
Evacuation teams should be assigned to guide the occupants out of the area.
Alternate evacuation routes must be provided, preferably the same routes
used in case of fire.
e. Who will be part of the evacuation team?
These people should be
assigned before the incident and thoroughly trained.
Areas through which
evacuation will proceed should be searched and cleared before evacuation.
These include areas inside and outside the threatened building.
areas are the most likely places for a bomb to be located, and they are the
usual avenues of exit.
The evacuation team should be able to control
evacuation and eliminate panic that could lead to injuries.
f. To what area do you evacuate the occupants?
Occupants should be
evacuated to an area at least 300 feet away form the threatened area.
Greater distances are encourage, if at all possible. In any case, evacuees
should be told to take cover and shelter from possible fragmentation.
g. What are the responsibilities of occupants during evacuation? The
occupants should open all doors and windows.
This will reduce the shock
effect of the bomb. Electrical units should be unplugged. This will reduce
chance of detonation and reduce noise for an audio check.
should proceed calmly, following the orders of the evacuation team.
h. Will dog teams be used to search?
MP working dogs trained in
explosives detection may be used in the search effort. Their acute sense of
smell and training allows them to discriminate the scent of explosives,
thus, enhancing the search effort.