ESTABLISH/SUPERVISE A ROADBLOCK/CHECKPOINT
Critical Task: 191-377-4203
In this lesson you will learn to establish and supervise a roadblock/checkpoint ensuring that vehicles
are processed, that your holding area is adequate and that you have security and communications.
TERMINAL LEARNING OBJECTIVE:
Establish/supervise a roadblock/checkpoint.
You will have this subcourse, paper and pencil.
To demonstrate competency on this task you must achieve a minimum score of 70
percent on the subcourse final examination.
The material contained in this lesson was derived from the following publications: FM
19-4 and STP 19-95B2/4.
A roadblock is used to limit the movement of vehicles along a route or to close access to certain areas
or roads. Checkpoints are used to control movement. Roadblocks are checkpoints set up to ensure
that unauthorized vehicles are not using main supply routes (MSRs). They ensure that convoys move
along routes according to their priority and are kept on schedule. There should be a constant change
of location and time of operation of roadblocks and checkpoints. Most of you, as licensed drivers of
civilian vehicles, will experience a police roadblock or checkpoint. If we are aware that a roadblock or
checkpoint is operating in a certain area at known intervals, we avoid the area. The same is true in a
combat or rear area. Also enemy units would be able to plan attacks on convoys or selected vehicles
while they are in the known roadblock/checkpoint area. To prevent this, attention must be given to
cover, concealment, and security.
Military police (MP) roadblocks are located along the military road network to channel traffic. This is
done by limiting the movement of vehicles along a route or closing access.