Commencing the Interrogation. As the SA, you should identify yourself prior to
Present your credentials or badge so that no doubt will exist in the
subject's mind as to your authority. After the introduction, tell the subject the
nature of the accusation.
Inform him that an investigation is being conducted.
Take care in making this statement so that none of the specific details of the
crime are prematurely disclosed. Make sure that the subject fully understands his
legal rights in the manner set forth in paragraph 5, Lesson 1. Ensure that prior
preparations are made in case a language problem exists (See Chapter 5, FM 19-20).
Conducting the Interrogation: Your approach is influenced by the subject's
background and available facts and evidence.
After considering these factors and
making preparations and plans, you are ready to proceed.
Decide on the approach
you think would be best.
There are only two types of approaches: direct and
After you have selected the best approach, you will then have to
consider which different interrogation techniques you want to use during the course
of the interrogation. First, we will discuss the two types of approaches and then
we will discuss different types of interrogation techniques.
a. Direct Approach. The direct approach is used with the suspect whose guilt
seems definite or reasonably certain.
Be direct and positive.
Let the suspect
know you know who committed the crime, but are willing to hear his side of the
b. Indirect Approach.
The indirect approach is used when interrogating
suspects whose guilt is uncertain or doubtful.
This approach is exploratory in
Once you have selected the type of approach you wish to use towards the suspect you
are then ready to decide what type of interrogation techniques you might want to
use during the course of that interrogation.
We will discuss the thirteen most
common interrogation techniques used by investigators in the field today.
techniques have been proven over the years to be some of the best available to
investigators conducting interrogations.
(1) Sympathetic: Use with persons who appear to have a caring nature. Tell
the person that he did the act because he was in need, because of concern, or
because he cared. This is not limited to but often used with suspects of burglary,
robbery, or larceny.
(2) Logic and Reasoning: This technique is to be used with persons who have
an analytical mind; those who want to know what is in it for themselves. You tell
him he knows and he knows you know, and that all the facts will come out. Explain
(3) Psychological: Use this technique on persons who are family or people
oriented. Ask what his loved ones or a special person he respects would think of
him for doing this or what they would want to do.