AREA DAMAGE CONTROL
In this lesson you will learn the concept of area damage control.
TERMINAL LEARNING OBJECTIVE:
Describe the concept of area damage control.
You have this subcourse, paper, and pencil.
To demonstrate competency of this task you must achieve a minimum score of 70
percent on the subcourse examination.
The material contained in this lesson was derived from the following publications:
FM 19-1, FM 19-4, and FM 90-14.
In London during a destructive attack by aerial bombardment ("Blitz") by Germany in World War II, the
British conducted extensive ADC operations. Some actions before the attack included implementing
blackouts and curfews, evacuating personnel, setting up barricades, identifying and dedicating water
points, recruiting volunteer firemen, and assigning block wardens areas of responsibility by city blocks.
This was helpful in area damage control. Once the attack occurred, the system was exercised. During
the attack, prepared shelters reduced the loss of life; alternate power sources such as generators
provided electricity; stored supplies and food stuffs supported the sheltered; a specific radio broadcast
was used to provide information; and block wardens and air defenders manned specific reinforced
positions to provide air defense. Once the attack was over, other actions were initiated.
The fires were fought by firefighters (engineers). Police secured the area. The damage and
destruction was cleared and repaired by engineers. Military police secured the area from looters and
directed traffic movement around the obstruction. Block wardens provided information on key facilities.
A damage control center informed the firefighters which facilities had priority. Ambulances, medical
teams, and support teams were assigned an area of operation. The teams searched for casualties and
treated and evacuated them.