Revealing Factors (Artillery)
Skillful concealment of artillery weapons can add immeasurably to the element of surprise and then to
the defeat of the enemy. Enemy observers are trained to search for certain definite signs which
indicate the presence of artillery. This may be badly camouflaged weapon positions, blast areas, litter,
paths or wheel tracks. In the case of missile sites, there are excessive earthworking soars in the terrain
pattern. This is necessitated by a level firing pad, and fueling entrances and exits. Even though the
weapons are hidden, some signs are giveaways to the presence of artillery. These signs may not
indicate the exact nature of the position. However, they do attract enemy attention and invite more
Camouflage measures vary with the situation on hand. There is little opportunity to camouflage
positions extensively when they will be occupied for only a short period. If the weapons must remain
longer, their locations can then be improved by better siting and hiding. When the batteries are
deployed for a coordinated attack, the location of each battery and of each piece should be carefully
selected. In a defensive action, you must develop extensive camouflage. The utmost precaution must
be taken to deceive the enemy as to the location of the installation.
Siting. The exact position for the elements of a battery, within the assigned area, must meet several
The position must:
o Cover the required field of fire.
o Afford dispersion of weapons, vehicles, and other equipment of the battery.
o Provide an opportunity to set up communications without creating attention or getting ground
scars and paths.
o Accommodate access and supply routes. It is desirable to have routes to the front, flanks, and
rear. This is important in situations where it may be necessary to make sudden changes in
position. When personnel, ammunition, equipment, and other supplies are moved into position,
they must follow a prepared traffic plan.
Nets. Where natural concealment is impossible or difficult, suitably garnished twine nets and chicken
wire are quick and effective means of concealment. Care must be taken to follow the correct methods
in their use. Wire netting, although heavier and bulkier, holds its form better, is more durable, and is
invaluable for positions of a relatively permanent nature. The twine nets, being lighter and easier to
handle, are better adapted to mobile situations and temporary positions. Both kinds can be garnished
with cloth strips and natural materials (see Figures 7-13, 7-14, and 7-15).