Planning Considerations. The physical security officer must first determine
the types and extent of protection required on a post.
He must do so by
considering certain pertinent factors in their respective order.
Mission importance to the Army's and post's continuing mission
must be determined.
b. Threats. Installations will develop a local threat statement to identify
local activities that threaten Army property and personnel in the geographical
c. Area. Analysis of area to be protected must be considered. Such analysis
would include the nature and arrangement of activity. It would also include number
of personnel involved. Monetary, tactical or strategic value of material, storage
of classified information and equipment.
As a process of area analysis,
installation commanders will designate, in writing, mission essential or vulnerable
areas (MEVAs) under their control.
Also, risk analysis will be performed in
accordance with AR 190-51 for all facilities designated or likely to be designated
d. Criticality and vulnerability.
material must be known and analyzed.
e. Operation, maintenance, and other requirements.
All these must be woven
into the plan to avoid mission interruption.
Political, economic, and legal factors are important.
are the terrain, weather, and climate.
g. Cost of material and equipment, and available funds.
determine the possible degree of protection.
h. Changes in operation.
Possible expansion, relocation, and other changes
must be considered.
i. Cost effective protection.
The best method of providing cost effective
protection for personnel and equipment must be determined.
This would include scope, use, and applicability.
also include any special contingencies.
(2) Area security. Definition and designation of areas that are considered
critical would be included.
protection of these areas.
(3) Control measures.
These would include restrictions on access and
movement into security areas.
For example, restrictions would need to be on