LESSON 1/TASK 1
studies determine the areas with the greatest parking demand. They help to locate areas where
parking problems are critical due to inadequate capacity. They also determine where parking usage is
not in keeping with time limits. Parking facility studies are conducted to see if parking lots are properly
located to serve a specific facility, such as the hospital or post exchange. They also assist in
determining if those lots have the proper capacity to serve the facility.
PREVENTIVE AND SELECTIVE ENFORCEMENT
A primary purpose of traffic law enforcement is to motivate drivers to operate their vehicles safely.
Drivers should voluntarily comply with traffic rules and regulations. One of the reasons for conducting
traffic studies is to assist in determining realistic regulations. Unfortunately, there are those drivers who
comply with traffic law only to avoid receiving traffic violations. Then there are that small minority, with
no regard for safety of others, that simply refuse to comply. Military police use preventive and selective
enforcement practices in order to encourage traffic safety.
The objective of a traffic enforcement and safety program is to encourage voluntary compliance with
traffic regulations. A method of doing this is through the presence, or suggested presence, of
enforcement personnel. This is termed preventive enforcement. The locations selected should be
those where violations, congestion, or accidents frequently occur. The purpose is to deter traffic
violations and accidents. For example, the presence of military police at a location that studies and
experience shows has a large number of speeding violations will cause the majority of drivers to obey
the speed limit. This can be accomplished though the occasional use of an out-of-service vehicle.
Ruses of this nature must be used judiciously, since the driving public will "catch on" quickly and the
practice will be counter-productive.
Military police resources are usually limited. To gain the maximum benefit and contribute to the overall
safety program, they should be concentrated at areas where there is a high violation or accident rate.
This is termed selective enforcement. Consideration of violation and accident rates