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Administrative, Nonjudicial, and Judicial Actions.
The most important level... is the judicial or court-martial level. The other two levels are classified
as administrative and nonjudicial (page 57).
Article 15 and demand trial by court-marital.
All the military, whether enlisted personnel or commissioned officer are subject to Article 15
punishment. However, the accused has an absolute right to refuse an Article 15 and may demand a
trial by court-martial (page 58).
Appeal the punishment to the next superior commanding officer.
Although the punishment imposed under Article 15 becomes effective immediately, the accused has
a right to appeal to the next superior commanding officer or to the officer who imposed the
punishment (page 58).
Reduction of two pay grades.
Maximum punishment for an Article 15, if given by company grade officer is 14 days restriction, 14
days extra duty, 7 days correctional custody, 7 days forfeiture of pay, and reduction of one pay
grade (page 59).
Review by Court of Military Review. This court must hear all cases for which the sentence
includes death, dismissal, dishonorable discharge and confinement of 1 year or more (page 62).
The initial review of every court-martial is conducted by the convening authority (page 62).
At least one-third of the court must be enlisted.
However if, before the trial, the accused requests that enlisted personnel serve on the court-martial
board, at least one-third of the court must be enlisted personnel (page 61).
Types of evidence that have been held to be not self-incriminating are: taking of fingerprints, trying
on clothing, exhibition of the body, visual identification, and physical examination by physician