perimeter of the facility, supervising prisoner work detail guards, and providing alarms in the event
of emergencies. Personnel utilized by the prisoner guard section may be detailed for duty at the
regional confinement facility from other units located at the installation. They will be detailed for a
minimum period of 1 month and, where practicable, for a 3-month period. Only personnel who are
physically qualified and meet certain mental standards will be detailed as prisoner guards. Prior to
commencing duties as prisoner guards, detailed personnel must qualify with the weapon with which
they are to be armed.
36. Facility management entails implementing or maintaining the standards required for the
buildings and areas used for the administration of the facility and for the housing, training, and
recreation of the prisoners. It is not possible or necessary to include a full discussion of
architectural standards for new plant construction or modification of existing structures. Those
standards are based on standard designs and construction criteria contained in Department of Army
technical manuals as approved by the chief of engineers. It is, however, possible to present the
following detention facility plant standards that have practical management applications.
37. Criteria to be used in determining space allocation for prisoners in Army confinement and
correctional facilities are as follow:
a. Standard Allocation. Single cells are required for inmates assigned to maximum custody and
segregation. There must be 35 square feet of unencumbered space for the single cell occupant.
When confinement exceeds 10 hours per day, there must be at least 80 square feet of total floor
space per occupant. Unencumbered space is usable space that is not encumbered by furnishings or
fixtures. At least one dimension of the unencumbered space is no less than 7 feet. In determining
unencumbered space, all fixtures must be in operational position and must provide the following
minimum areas per person: bed, plumbing fixtures, desk, and locker.
b. Minimum/medium custody prisoner. Single cells/rooms and multiple-occupancy cells/rooms
may be used for housing inmates in medium/minimum custody when there is 35 square feet of
unencumbered space for one person and 25 square feet of unencumbered space when there are 2 to
250 persons. When confinement exceeds 10 hours per day, there must be at least 80 square feet of
total floor space per occupant. Housing units should strive to comply with applicable ACA
c. Medium-security inmates housed in multiple-occupancy cells/rooms require direct
supervision. A classification system is used to divide the occupants into groups that reduce the
probability of assault and disruptive behavior. At a minimum, the classification system evaluates
the following: mental and emotional stability, escape history, history of assault behavior, medical
status, age, and enemies of record.
d. Male and female inmates are housed in separate cells/rooms. Prisoners will be allocated
space per this standard except under circumstances described in (a) and (b) below.
(1) Reduced Allocation. While not desirable, it is recognized that, under certain
conditions, the standard allocation is not possible. A reduced allocation of 20 square feet of
unencumbered space per prisoner, except those in close confinement, is authorized when priority
conditions exist that preclude the use of standard allocations. In determining unencumbered space,
all fixtures must be in operational position and must consider the following minimum furnishing per