personnel and weapons at the scene to show the detainees that you have the capability to regain control of the
(6) Deadly force is the last level of force. The use of firearms or other means of deadly force is justified
only under conditions of extreme necessity as a last resort. Whenever deadly force is used, the internment
facility commander must have written authorization from the installation/theater commander on file. When
directed to use deadly force SHOOT TO DISABLE, NOT TO KILL.
NOTE: The term "shoot to disable" still implies to aim center mass; you are attempting to disable the action
that authorizes the use of deadly force.
c. Use of Firearms. To prevent an escape from a confinement or correctional facility, the following
instructions concerning the use of weapons will be incorporated in the order of armed guards:
(1) Each guard will be provided with a whistle or other means of suitable alarm.
(2) The use of firearms to prevent an escape is justified only when there is no other reasonable means to
(3) In the event a prisoner attempts to escape from the facility, the guard will take action according to
(a) Alert other guard personnel of the attempted escape by blowing three short blasts on a whistle
or any other audible alarm signal.
(b) In a loud voice, three times order the prisoner to halt.
(c) Fire only at such time as the prisoner has passed all barriers of the facility, and is continuing the
attempt to escape.
(4) Location of barriers will be determined by the physical arrangement of each facility. Normally, this
will include barriers such as fences or walls enclosing athletic, drill, and recreational areas; prisoner housing
areas; and areas in which administrative buildings are located.
(5) A guard will not fire on an escapee if the fire will endanger the lives of other prisoners.
(6) When necessary to fire, the guard will direct shots at the prisoner that are aimed to disable rather
than to kill.
d. Use of Weapons.
(1) Facility commanders will ensure that all correctional specialists are trained in the use of the weapon
with which they are armed. All personnel will be thoroughly oriented on policies regarding the use of force and
the provisions of Army Regulation (AR) 190-14. Conditions in the area where the prisoners are to be under
guard will dictate the type of weapon carried.
(2) The M-16/M-4 rifles and only 12-gauge shotguns with cylinder (unchoked barrels) will be issued for
use by ACS guards. Barrels will not exceed 20 inches in length. The M-9, 9-millimeter pistol may be used
when prisoners are under escort.