LESSON 2/TASK 1
Preventive enforcement is the deterrence of crime and other violations through the presence, or
suggested presence, of enforcement personnel. The locations selected should be those where
violations or criminal acts frequently occur, or are likely to occur. To be most effective, preventive
enforcement should be combined with physical security measures. For example, the post exchange
area represents a lucrative target for criminals. However, when that area is routinely patrolled, as well
as well lighted and secured, the opportunity for criminal acts is substantially deterred. This applies
during its hours of operation, as well as when it is closed. The purpose of preventive enforcement is to
deter violations and crimes.
Selective enforcement is a method used to make the maximum effective use of the resources available.
Selective enforcement is the planned distribution of MP resources to ensure that the enforcement effort
is applied when and where it is needed.
The PM bases his law enforcement effort on the premise of selective enforcement. It is the key to
effective law enforcement. Through it, the PM focuses MP resources on the actions, areas, and the
times they are most needed. Incidents requiring police action are usually caused by conditions and
acts that continue to cause trouble unless corrected.
Basing law enforcement measures on selective enforcement fosters efficient use of manpower. It also
has a positive effect on police morale. This method of resource allocation lends direction to crime
prevention and law enforcement efforts. MP actions are therefore based on logical, systematic use of
To employ selective enforcement, the PM must have access to up-to-date information. A PM needs
data that will provide pertinent facts for solving enforcement problems. The PM must have a means of
ensuring that he has the people and equipment required to accomplish his law enforcement mission.
Effective law enforcement must be proactive and minimize unproductive time. Being at a PX facility, for
example, is proactive. It eliminates the need to check the facility immediately after it closes. MP are
also placed at the