The federal government also has penal laws pertaining to specific matters and areas
within its civil jurisdiction. These include--
International boundary agreements.
These laws are enforced by a variety of federal agencies such as the--
Federal Bureau of Investigation.
Exclusive jurisdiction refers to the power granted to
Congress by the US Constitution to exercise legislation.
When exercising this
power, the federal government assumes the sole jurisdiction of designated areas
within a state.
Some military installations have exclusive federal jurisdiction.
government exercises its executive, legislative, and judicial authority, over that
area and the personnel within it.
Persons Not Subject to UCMJ.
members of the National Guard, Army Reserve, or Reserve Offices Training Corps.
The military acquires authority once a member of any of the above enumerated groups
comes on active duty in federal service.
Civilians are not subject to the UCMJ. If civilians are found committing a felony
or a misdemeanor amounting to a breach of peace on a military reservation, they may
be apprehended and detained long enough to be turned over to civil authorities.
Civilians may also be apprehended for violations of post regulations.
persons may be escorted to the entrance of the post and forbidden reentry.
Outside the military reservation and in the continental limits of the United
States, military police authority applies to persons subject to the UCMJ. The only
exception is in a situation involving martial law or hostilities.