Notes are recorded by all parties of the surveillance.
Notes should concern the
actions they witnessed the subject perform.
At one time or another even the most experienced investigator can be uncovered.
However, adequate preparation and planning can assure continued surveillance of the
subject. Precautions to take during surveillance are as follows:
Avoid direct eye contact.
Avoid abrupt or unnatural movements.
Consider problems peculiar to the operation.
Each is discussed below.
Avoid Direct Eye Contact.
The surveillant should always try to avoid direct eye
contact with the subject.
This will limit the subject's ability to recall the
surveillant's face should eye-to-eye contact become necessary later.
arousing suspicion, he should focus on a point beyond the subject and give the
impression of eye contact without actually establishing it.
Avoid Abrupt and Unnatural Movements.
These kinds of movements can attract
attention to the surveillant.
There are times when it might be better to lose
sight of the subject than arouse his suspicion that he is being watched.
subject suspects that he is being watched, he might test his suspicion by changing
his course or by entering a public conveyance. On the other hand, the surveillant
must react quickly but naturally to all movements made by the subject.
Once again, detailed preparation will assist the surveillant in reacting to the
subject's moves. Carrying a sufficient amount of money, including change, to cover
bus and cab fare, meals, and telephone calls will eliminate panic responses.
Consider Problems. Any time a surveillant is required to follow a subject into a
hotel, movie house, restaurant, elevator, or other public conveyance, special
The first problem is that you must move closer to him.
precludes his leaving through one of the various exits.
In an effort to prevent
the subject from exiting, the surveillant must enter behind the subject and locate
himself to ensure observation of the subject.
If the subject enters an elevator, the surveillant should enter the same elevator.
Once on the elevator the surveillant should not announce a floor, but should exit
behind the subject. If the surveillant must choose a floor, he should select the
Some surveillants have a tendency to believe they have been discovered
simply because the subject glances their way several times. This tendency must be