d. Movements. Have a prearranged plan, block all avenues of escape, and
overcome resistance with the least amount of delay. All persons involved in
the apprehension must know the location of all other members of the group. The
place selected for the apprehension should offer a minimum number of avenues of
Isolation is desirable since congestion may lead to outside
interference. An intersection, alley, or crowded street should be avoided.
e. Simplicity. In approaching the subject, make a rapid mental estimate
of the situation. Consider the courses of action that can be taken, and select
the course of action that seems best. Keep the plan for the apprehension as
simple as the occasion permits.
Use the element of surprise whenever possible.
a. The investigator. An apprehension is made in a straightforward manner
whenever possible. The subject should be notified of the fact that he is being
placed under apprehension.
You, the investigator, should display your
credentials and badge to establish authority.
You should also employ an
inconspicuous, courteous manner. Convey the seriousness of your intentions by
your demeanor, voice, and movements.
You should at all times dominate the
situation, and there should be no show of nervousness or indecision.
When making an apprehension assume a firm, comfortable
stance; you should not be at attention; feet should be slightly apart, and
hands at the sides. Always face the subject. Be firm, but courteous. Treat
the subject fairly, and do not adopt underworld attitudes and vocabulary
towards him. Do not be a "good guy;" once the subject has been apprehended, do
not grant special factors or requests. Insist on immediate response to orders
and do not tolerate delay.
(2) Voice. When giving commands to the subject you need not raise your
voice or speed up your words. Speak in a normal but firm tone and loud enough
for the subject to hear. The tone of your voice should leave little doubt that
the subject should do something. It should not indicate that he is being asked
to do something.
Avoid a "tough guy" approach; however, and never use
Movement of either the hands or legs (as in walking)
should be normal and unhurried.
Avoid any wild, excited, or disorderly
b. Approach to an Individual.
(1) Assume that the subject may be dangerous.
Approach him in a firm
and decisive manner; be courteous but restrained.
(2) One of you should stand to the side of the subject to assist from a
position of advantage. The senior investigator effects the apprehension.