c. Deterrent operations can be implemented to reduce crime and to save
They may also be used to minimize situations requiring use of
patrol dog attack skills. All that is needed is initiative, imagination, and
sound police planning.
Economy of Force.
a. Patrol dogs not only aid total use of canine skills, they also
permit supervisors to make optimum use of personnel resources.
can be used as an economy of force measure.
They can replace dismounted
sentry posts; they can reduce the number of MPs used to conduct surveillances
of large, open areas; and they can be used to spot-check warehouses
containing material highly subject to theft.
b. When performing patrol duty, the dog handler does not require the
presence of another MP to aid in performing routine tasks.
police skills of the dog handler become a usable commodity, since he can
perform any task normally assigned an MP.
Unlike the handler who works
specialty dogs, he is in no way restricted by the presence of his animal.
Instead, the presence of the animal expands his potential use.
c. Experience also shows that the presence of canine units in high
crime areas can reduce the need for other MP resources.
further savings in manpower.
Certainly the need for two-man patrols is
lessened in cases where patrol dog teams can promptly respond to requests for
The need for two-man patrols is also lessened when the dog teams can
routinely back up other patrol elements.
d. When used for routine law enforcement tasks, patrol dogs can
normally perform 8-hour tours of duty. This is especially true when they are
used as mobile patrols.
Limiting factors in this respect stem more from
climatic conditions and availability of suitable transportation than from
job/task considerations. In contingency cases, patrol dogs can work 12-hour
shifts on mounted patrols without great loss of efficiency.
length of duty tours, the following items must be considered:
(1) Needs of the command.
(2) Climate and terrain.
(3) Transportation available.
(4) Tasks to be performed.
(5) Ability of the dog.
a. To be successful as a law enforcement tool, patrol dogs must be able
to work around people. They must do so without becoming distracted.