area should be within walking distance of the CP. It must not, however, be located in such a way that
direct fire can be brought to bear on the CP from the parking area. Terrain or man-made features may
provide the necessary buffer.
Personnel. One three-man MP team is usually required to operate a dismount point. The team leader
provides control, maintains communications, and sets up security. One team member controls
movement at the dismount point. The remaining team member provides additional security and
relieves the MP operating the dismount point. Each dismount point is unique. Terrain and traffic
volume may require more than three MP to control a dismount point; in evaluation of METT-T and plan,
you will have to determine such additional requirements.
Equipment and Communications. The equipment used at a dismount point is important. Each man
must have his weapon and basic load of ammunition. This should be established by SOP. Night vision
devices should be employed.
Communications are critical. A land line should be run from the dismount point to the CP itself.
Messengers and visual signals can be used to augment the land line. Contingency plans must be
prepared for loss of these means of communication. FM radio should be used as little as possible;
preferably not at all.
Access Control Points
Functions. The purpose of an access control point is implied in its name. It is to ensure that only
specifically designated individuals are allowed to enter the facility. An access control point is used at
facilities that are highly sensitive. Because they are so sensitive, OPSEC assumes even greater
importance. Light and noise discipline must be maintained. All reasonable steps should be taken to
avoid making it easy for enemy elements to identify the facility as a sensitive one.
When persons approach the access control point they are stopped. Positive identification is required.
The identification is checked against an access roster. The access roster is provided by the officer in
charge of the facility. Anyone attempting to enter the facility who is not on the access roster is
detained. Facility personnel designated in the guard orders or SOP are notified. The officer in charge
of the facility, or his designated representative, will determine what to do with the individual. Specific
instructions for this type of occurrence must be included in the guard orders.
Some facilities may also use a badge system. This may be in addition to or in place of the access
roster. Other facilities may use various combinations of entry systems. Whatever system is used must
be specified in the access point SOP and/or guard orders, which must also include contingency orders.
Location. An access control point is located near the entrance to the facility. No one should be able to
enter the facility without going through