front has an independent SPF brigade with a varied structure. SPFs represent an important element in
the total integrated reconnaissance network that OPFOR planners try to achieve. SPFs provide
reconnaissance and combat capabilities well beyond 500 kilometers in advance of their forward edge of
friendly troops. The Army level commander may have a SPF battalion which operates from 100 to 500
kilometers beyond the forward edge of their forces.
The front SPF brigade may contain from 900-2,000 personnel deployed in 80-100 special forces teams.
These troops conduct both reconnaissance and long-range sabotage operations in the enemy's rear
with the same targets listed under unconventional forces.
Combat Forces. Combat forces perform raid, ambush, and recon operations in the rear area. Every
OPFOR motorized and tank division has its own reconnaissance and radio electronic combat battalion.
Each motorized and tank regiment has a recon company within its force structure. The mission of a
recon battalion is to conduct recon of the enemy rear area and provide intelligence on enemy troop
Recon battalions employ in squad elements. It could have six to eight separate armored recon squads
which consist of two or three BRDMs, or EMPs (see Figures 1-3 and 1-4).
Figure 1-3. Amphibious Armored Vehicle