neutralize the threat. Military police and engineer units, respectively, are responsible to the RO officer
for rear operations.
The CS and CSS commanders must be prepared to defend their units. They will set up a base defense
and will provide a command and control element for the base. This element is called a base defense
operations center (BDOC). It is staffed and equipped by the host and tenant unit or units of the base.
When a base comes under attack, outside response forces are not normally present.
The base commander plans and directs base defense efforts with organic assets. The base must be
trained, equipped, and prepared to defend itself. When faced with a threat, the CS and CSS units must
revert to a combat mission to survive.
When units are placed for security or emplaced for mission support, they will be formed into a base
cluster for mutual support. The base cluster commander will set up a base cluster operations center
(BCOC) for command and control to coordinate rear operations. Bases close to one another (distance
will be dependent on terrain and mutual support) will comprise a cluster. The BCOC will be staffed and
equipped from units within the cluster.
The RAOC/RTOC will coordinate with the base cluster commander. The RAOC/RTOC will provide
centralized tactical planning and control of rear operations. The RAOC/RTOC at each echelon will
provide planning, coordination, and training for rear operations in peacetime. It will monitor, assist, and
coordinate rear operations in war. The RAOC/RTOC will conduct direct staff coordination with the
security plans and operations section (SPO) or security operations training and intelligence section
(SOTI) of the echelon support command and the G3/DCSOPs. The RAOC/RTOC is under the
operational control of the ROC.
The G3 will assist in the coordination of planning and execution of rear operations. Rear operations will
be a part of the overall operations, mission analysis, threat assessment, resource allocation, and base
assessment of the echelon staff.
There must be detailed coordination between a host nation and the G5 to provide information and
depth to the security in the rear area. There must be interface between civil affairs teams/cells, military
intelligence teams, civilian police, and military police. This will aid in the efficient execution of rear
The ROC reports directly to the echelon commander. The ROC will control rear operations through the
RAOC/RTOC and receive support from the G3. As the theater develops and more combat assets are
available, the echelon commander may assign a tactical combat force to fight rear operations. Such
decisions may be required to fight the full depth of the battlefield effectively.
Responsiveness. A key to defeating an enemy in the rear area is responsiveness. This involves the
immediate reaction and rapid deployment of