below are based on military and civil service security forces.
These are persons
employed in the U.S. under peacetime conditions.
b. Civil service employees.
(1) The basic work week for civil service employees is 40 hours.
individual works 52 weeks, this would total 2,080 man-hours per year. However, he
will not be available for the full five days of each week in the year. Therefore,
for planning purposes, it must be assumed that he will be absent as follows:
(a) Twenty days annual leave authorized for each employee with 3 to 15
years service (this is accepted as average for most forces).
(c) Thirteen days sick leave authorized for each employee. (Each person
will not take the full amount; some may have serious illnesses which will cause
them to be absent longer.)
(d) Active duty training for reserve military personnel, attendance at
schools, and other administrative absences may result in a further reduction in
However, these absences cannot be programmed accurately.
Therefore, no allowance is made in the overall computation.
(2) Total anticipated absences for each civil service employee as indicated
above will be 43 days or 344 hours each year. Subtracting this amount from 2,080
leaves 1,736 man-hours each year. This is the amount of productive work which can
be expected from each employee.
c. Military personnel.
(1) The basic work week for military personnel is 44 hours.
Of this, a
minimum of 4 hours should be allocated for other duties.
Examples are mandatory
training, inspections, and care and cleaning of equipment.
This leaves 40 hours
per week for productive work.
Each soldier should be present 52 weeks per year.
If so, he should be able to produce 2,080 man-hours of productive time.
(2) As with civil service employees, military personnel will not be
available at times. This is due to ordinary leave, sickness, or schools. It can
also be due to shortages in assigned personnel and other administrative reasons.
To compensate for this, a manpower increase is sometimes allowed.
An 11 percent
increase in manpower is authorized for posts or activities operated on a continuous
This means that 1.11 men will be required to perform 2,080 man-hours of
Divide 2,080 by 1.11.
You will find that one soldier may be
expected to perform 1,874 man-hours per year.
It should be noted that this is
slightly more than can be expected from civil service personnel.