Reaching this goal means work. We must identify, analyze, and plan solutions
for the threat.
With this knowledge they can recognize and plan effective
measures to counter and halt threats.
a. Physical security is a large part of the overall defense of a post
and its Crime Prevention Program.
b. All DA installations are valuable to the national defense structure.
An analysis of the mission of a post is important. This will aid in deciding
the extent of physical security needs.
c. Cost effectiveness is the silent force behind defense spending now.
In simple words, it means eliminating waste; it means receiving the most for
each dollar spent.
Those activities requiring less protection must be
identified. This must be done in the interest of the economy. Establishing
criteria to assess security priorities is a must. Priority is based upon an
analysis of two factors -criticality and vulnerability. A post may be both
highly critical and highly vulnerable.
If so, a broad physical security
program is vital.
Less important and susceptible areas receive less
d. Criticality relates to the effects of partial or complete loss of a
What effect would such loss have on the ability of the
post/facility to perform its mission? Would this affect the mission for a
considerable period of time?
The relative criticality may have no direct
relationship to size.
It may not be related to whether an end product is
This must be determined on the basis of its importance to the
post/facility as a whole.
A good example would be the sabotage of a
petroleum, oils, and lubricants (POL) storage area supporting units in a
theater of operation.
This would have serious impact upon the unit.
would harm the unit's ability to perform its mission for a long time. Areas
such as this would be highly critical. They would require extensive physical
security measures. To deter threats would call for broad protection. One or
more internal areas may require maximum protection.
The overall mission,
however, may not warrant such for the entire post. Each requires expertise.
Each post also needs physical security personnel such as yourself to analyze
e. Vulnerability pertains to the likelihood that a threat could cause
sufficient loss, damage, or destruction to affect accomplishment of the
Often, one or more threats exist which could easily achieve this
If so, then threats are likely to interfere with the mission.
Aviation facilities and motor pools are highly vulnerable areas.
Variation might be due to the type of facility involved or to the
mission performed. Physical layout, construction, and the protective program
being used would vary. Vulnerability should be related to specific threats.
Examples are terrorism, criminality, etc.