Movement is dictated by the method of escort being employed. Security teams normally move at the
same rate of march as the convoy. It is critical that the security elements stay with the convoy. They
must not become distracted or make unnecessary stops. Each team is given a direction of fire. Team
members keep their weapons pointed in that direction of fire at all times. During halts, the security
teams take up overwatch positions in their sectors. Depending on the duration of the halt, team
members may or may not dismount. Hasty fighting positions may be required during longer halts.
Security is maintained constantly.
Specific measures are required of both escort members and convoy personnel. It is critical that prior to
any move, the convoy commander and security element leader closely coordinate and review these
measures so that there is no misunderstanding in case of an emergency. The escort leader must
ensure that both his own and the convoy personnel are briefed on what actions to take under specific
Security During Halts
On long trips, it is usually necessary to make one or more scheduled halts. These halts might be for
refueling, inspection and maintenance of vehicles, eating, or resting and relief. Scheduled halts are
usually about two hours apart, but this may vary depending on the situation and other conditions.
The locations for halts are selected before the departure of the convoy. They should be situated in a
relatively secure area. The security force should be able to maintain overwatch. An even more ideal
location is to be able to pull into the area of a friendly unit.
The convoy should be halted only when there is an unobstructed view for about 200 yards from the
head and tail of the column. There should be no restrictions such as curves or grades. Vehicles
should be pulled over to the side as far as possible. At the same time, care should be exercised if in an
area where there is the possibility of mines. Prescribed vehicle distances and intervals should be
maintained. Populated areas or areas of heavy local traffic, including foot traffic, should be avoided.
Local civilians should not be permitted to gather around the vehicles. Guards are required at the head
and tail of the column to control traffic around the stopped vehicles. Each driver is responsible for the
security of his vehicle, Drivers and passengers should have preassigned sectors of observation and
Mines and Booby Traps
Some of the greatest dangers to a convoy are mines and booby traps. The types of devices and their
manner of employment are limited only by the imagination and skill of the enemy. These devices are
particularly effective because they may be placed well before the convoy reaches the location. They