One security vehicle is placed at the head of the convoy so fires can be placed on the enemy if he is
suddenly encountered. The remaining security vehicles are located where they can provide the most
protection for all convoy elements. Their placement should be integrated with those security elements
that may be organic to the convoy. Some escort vehicles must be placed at the rear of the march
elements so that they can provide overwatch as the convoy moves. It is normally easier to move
forward to a trouble spot than to return to it. Escort vehicles should never be placed in such a manner
that they can be isolated from the convoy.
The scout team precedes the convoy by three to five minutes. They watch for conditions that may
affect the convoy's security and or traffic flow problems. They report any problems to the escort leader.
The distance from the main body of the convoy is constantly maintained. This requires close and
continual coordination. At the same time, OPSEC procedures must be considered. The scout team
position is highly demanding. The individuals in the scout team must remain particularly alert and
observant. In lengthy operations, consideration should be given to periodically rotating this position. In
a high threat environment, the team's position is analogous to that of the point man in a rifle squad.
The responsibilities of the lead team include maintaining the pace set by the convoy commander. They
are responsible for the security of the head of the column. The members of the lead team must be
especially watchful of the roadway and nearby terrain looking for mines, boobytraps, ambushes, and
snipers. In the event of a sniper attack, they return fire and keep the convoy moving. Like the scout
team, they must be particularly alert. A common tactic in ambushes is to allow the lead elements of the
convoy to pass before attacking. In order to avoid detection, the attackers may not assume their
position until after the scout vehicle has passed. They must then assume their position prior to the
arrival of the lead element.
This team provides security for the elements in the rear of the convoy. In case of attack, they provide
fire support. If vehicles become disabled, they may assist and provide security. Arrangements
concerning specific actions will have been coordinated with the convoy commander prior to the
convoy's departure. As with all other teams, the trail team maintains constant contact with other
When additional teams are used in a convoy operation, they are placed throughout the body of the
convoy. The specific location in the convoy will depend on the method of escort being used, the type of
convoy, the location of the convoy's organic security, and similar factors.