fire support in the base area. The defensive plan contains preplanned reference points. This
includes on and around likely enemy landings or drop zones.
The primary objective of base defense operations is to maintain a secure base. This would minimize
disruptions to the primary missions of support. The defender uses whatever actions are necessary to
engage enemy forces before they can penetrate the base. The base commander maintains constant
liaison with the base cluster operations center (BCOC). This is to report enemy activities in his area. If
necessary, he can request assistance from MP or other forces to remove the threat.
Base Defense Training
Refresher training may be needed for support personnel, especially officers and NCOs, in base
defense principles and techniques. This includes the use of organic weapons, communication
procedures, emplacement and monitoring of ground sensors, preparation of defensive positions, fire
support coordination, and NBC defense measures.
Unit and base defense training focuses on three areas: rehearsal of base defense plans; continuation
of the support mission under limited attack; and complete defensive posture without conducting the
support mission. Liaison element and combat units can provide on-site training assistance when
necessary. RAOC will coordinate requests for such assistance. Military intelligence assets may also
assist base units in conducting operations security (OPSEC) training.
All individuals will take part in base defense operations. Refresher training may be needed in the
following areas as applicable to their roles in the base defense effort:
Preparation of individual fighting positions.
Camouflage, cover, and concealment.
Patrol and operation of roadblocks and checkpoints.
Limited visibility operations. This includes the use of night observation devices and sensors and
special challenge, sign, and countersign techniques.
o Cross-training on individual and crew-served weapons and supporting equipment available
within the unit.
o Marksmanship, especially night firing and the preparation of range cards.
o Listening posts and observation post operations. There should be emphasis on security, sound
and light discipline, and reporting procedures.