b. Appropriate Commander: Normally the commander of the Army installation upon
which the confinement facility is located. The term will also, if appropriate, apply to the
commandant of a disciplinary barracks, Commanding Officer of a correctional training facility,
commander of an Army hospital operating a hospitalized prisoner ward, or other commander
charged with the operation of an Army confinement facility.
c. Casual Prisoner: Any prisoner held in confinement pending disposition instructions
from other commands or who is awaiting transfer to a designated facility or return to parent unit.
d. Commander: The officer appointed by appropriate orders as the Commanding Officer
of an Army Confinement System (ACS) facility. Responsible for the facility's administration and a.
operation. Also oversees the custody, control, and correctional treatment of prisoners
assigned to the facility.
e. Confinement: The physical restraint of a person.
f. Convening Authority: The person who convened a court, a commissioned officer
commanding for the time being, a successor in command, or any person exercising general courts-
martial jurisdiction who is authorized to take initial action as convening authority on a record of
trial of a court.
g. Convening Authority Approval: Refers to the acting on the findings and sentence of a
court-martial by the convening authority that may approve only such findings of guilty and
sentence, or such part or amount of the sentence, as he finds correct in law and fact and as he, in his
discretion, determines should be approved. Unless he indicates otherwise, approval of the sentence
is approval of the findings and sentence. A sentence of a court-martial may not be executed until
approved by the convening authority. In addition to this approval, certain sentences may not be
executed until approved or affirmed by higher authority as discussed below.
h. Correctional Custody: The physical restraint of a person during duty or nonduty hours,
or both, imposed under Article 15, Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ). It may include extra
duties, fatigue duties, or hard labor. Periods of correctional custody in excess of seven days may be
carried out on an installation or comparable level under supervision of the provost marshal.
Correctional custody is not confinement. Persons undergoing correctional custody are not prisoners
and they are handled separately and in a different manner from prisoners. Soldiers undergoing
correctional custody will not be placed in confinement facilities under any conditions.
i. Correctional Holding Detachment (CHD): CHDs and Personnel Control Facilities
(PCFs) provide the organizational structure against which the Army prisoners confined in the ACS
j. Correctional Treatment: A plan of custody, employment, training, and treatment
adapted to the needs of the individual prisoner.
k. Court of Military Appeals: Refers to the United States Court of Military Appeals
established under Article I of the Constitution of the United States. It is located, for administrative
purposes only, in the Department of Defense. The court consists of three judges appointed from