LESSON 2/TASK 1
from civilian police officers due to the difference in their overall missions. Another disadvantage is that
one-man patrols require double the equipment of two-man patrols.
Two-man patrols have the advantage of having an immediate back-up in emergency situations. It also
allows the pairing of more experienced individuals with those less experienced. This method requires
less equipment, but more personnel than does one-man patrols.
Day vs. Night
An important consideration in the distribution of manpower, and in the tasking of patrols, is whether the
shift is operating in daylight or not. Certain types of operations, such as deterrence by visibility, are
more effective in the daylight. A traffic patrol along the side of the road, for example, is readily visible to
motorists in daytime and thus encourages motorists' compliance with traffic regulations. The same
patrol is not so visible at night and therefore the effect is much decreased. Nighttime, however, is when
the majority of burglaries and similar offenses occur. It may be a good time to have patrols conduct
static surveillance of high crime areas.
CONUS Off-Post MP Patrols
In CONUS, off-post patrols will normally not be employed. Where off-post patrols have been
established, the desk sergeant will brief patrol personnel on the following:
o Coordination of requirements with armed forces police detachments.
o Limitations imposed by the Posse Comitatus Act.
o All policies regarding off-post law enforcement.
o Published off-limits areas and establishments (AR 190-24).
o Apprehension of personnel not on official business who are present in off-limits establishments.
o Enforcement of curfews where established.
o Trouble spots based on post data.