LESSON 2/TASK 1
There are, however, disadvantages to foot patrols. There is an inherent lack of mobility. This also
affects the ability of the patrolman to pursue an offender. Inclement weather can adversely affect
performance of even the best MP. Certain types of equipment cannot be carried, while the amounts of
other types of equipment is restricted. The response time of the patrol to incidents occurring at the far
end of their patrol area is very limited. Indeed, the size of the patrol area is restricted. When foot
patrols are used, they should be the best personnel available.
Motor Patrols. Motor patrols have become one of the most common type of police patrols, both in the
military and civilian communities. They provide highly mobile police who can respond to a wide variety
of law enforcement and emergency situations. By operating in defined areas, they provide planned
continuity of operations. The motor patrol can enhance the more intensive coverage provided by foot
patrols. Motor patrols should normally be able to cover their patrol area in one hour.
Motor patrols provide the advantage of being very mobile in many areas. The type of vehicle used
must match the type of terrain included in the patrol area to gain the greatest advantage. There is
some saving in manpower, in that a motor patrol can cover a much greater area than other types of
ground patrols. Their response time is generally quicker, as well. Weather has less effect on motor
patrols than on walking patrols, since the patrol members are protected from the elements. They can
carry a great deal more emergency and other equipment that might be needed in given situations.
Marked military police vehicles provide a substantial crime deterrent due to their high visibility and
ability to respond quickly.
One of the major disadvantages to motor patrols is the lowering of direct person-to-person contact.
Another disadvantage is the increase in maintenance and operating costs. Certain types of areas
located on many installations cannot be patrolled by motor patrols due to the lack of a road network.
This might include certain storage areas, or the rear of buildings and similar areas where there is no
road. In many instances, this can be overcome by the motor patrol dismounting periodically. There is
also an additional training requirement to ensure that vehicle operators can safely operate the type
vehicle being used in both routine and emergency situations.