(2) If the OPSEC of an activity or agency is to be enhanced, a first
step should be an OPSEC survey.
Detailed instructions in planning and
conducting surveys are found in the JCS booklet, OPSEC Survey Planning Guide
An initial survey may indicate the need for further diagnostic
assistance. If so, then specialized counterintelligence services should be
These services include procedure and policy survey and
penetration operations at sensitive areas. Services also include technical
surveys, computer surveys or the more complete OPSEC surveys.
a. OPSEC training is conducted to enable all personnel (1) to recognize
OPSEC degrading procedures, and (2) to understand guidance which has been
included in directives to enhance OPSEC.
Also, operations and activity
planners receive special training. This enables them to avoid the inclusion
of OPSEC degrading factors in the directives governing their operations.
Such training also enables them to include as many OPSEC enhancing measures
b. Indoctrination briefings are intended to introduce recent arrivals
to the OPSEC concerns related to the missions and operating surroundings of
their new commands. Also, semiannual follow-on training is conducted. This
focuses on OPSEC concerns related to the specialty area or discipline in
which the member is employed.
Group seminars prove most worthwhile in
follow-on training, because they allow members of like specialty areas to
discuss OPSEC vulnerabilities.
They are then able to devise measures to
eliminate or control those vulnerabilities.
c. OPSEC training should be continuing and progressive. This should be
the case throughout a service member's career. To this end, OPSEC training
will include the following:
(1) OPSEC indoctrination briefing shall be given to all personnel.
This shall occur within 60 days of arrival.
(3) Specialized training in OPSEC planning methods shall be given.
All principal originators and consumers of operations planning guidance
d. A commander is responsible for what his unit does or fails to do.
Obviously, OPSEC is no exception.
With proper training and knowledge of
what OPSEC is, the soldier will prevent valuable information from getting
into the wrong hands. The old adage of "Loose Lips Sink Ships," is a very
appropriate message when you are dealing with OPSEC.