you have been "made" by the subject, you should, during a loose surveillance,
stop the surveillance. When doing so, take care that the subject does not turn
surveillant. He may follow you in an effort to learn who is shadowing him and
c. The topography of the area to be surveilled should be studied in
Then areas or objects that will deny or mark observation can be
Be aware of the location of cul-de-sacs or "dead end" streets or
This will help you avoid being trapped or discovered.
general characteristics of the neighborhood.
Note transportation and
pedestrian routes, access to the egress from freeways, and other physical
features before commencing the surveillance.
d. Tail-conscious subjects will be extremely difficult to follow. This is
true even without the many situations that occur naturally to test your
Some of the more common situations are turning a corner,
entering buildings, restaurants, or hotels. Taking a bus, taxi, or plane are
(1) If the subject turns a corner, do not hurry to catch up.
continue on at the same general pace. In most cases, it will be better to lose
the subject rather than alert him about surveillance.
conditions, it is best to cross the intersection.
You can continue your
surveillance from across the street.
(2) Hotels, theaters, restaurants, elevators, and public conveyances
pose special problems in surveillance.
Generally, it is necessary to move
closer when the subject enters hotels and theaters. This precludes his leaving
through the various exits. In restaurants, you should enter behind the subject
and locate yourself to ensure observation; order a meal which can be quickly
served. Should the subject leave before you are served, pay for your meal and
go. When the subject uses an elevator, use the same one. Do not announce a
floor or select the top floor. Exit behind the subject. The use of public
conveyances is easier if you get enough small change or tokens in advance. if
the subject takes a taxi, follow in another. If this isn't possible, record
the time, place, name of the taxi company, and license number. Then you can
later trace the driver and learn the subject's destination.
If the subject
boards a bus, you should follow. Normally, arrange to be the last passenger to
board, remaining just inside the door. Under these conditions, if the subject
starts for the door, you can step off without being obvious. If you miss the
bus, hire a taxi and board the bus at a point ahead. A classic trick of tail-
conscious subjects to detect a tail is to board a bus, or other type of public
He waits until the last possible moment before the doors close
before jumping off.
Then he looks back to see if a surveillant makes an
obvious scramble to get off, or is whisked away by the conveyance.
surveillant, the best action in this case is to remain on the conveyance. You
can get off at the next stop.
(3) If a subject enters a railroad station or bus depot ticket line, you
should try to get behind him. By doing so, you may learn his destination or
overhear his conversation with the clerk. If the subject enters a