d. As a surveillant, you should have as much knowledge of the
investigation as possible.
This will help you to accurately interpret the
actions of the subject. Know the elements of proof of various crimes. Such
knowledge enables you to know when the subject has gone far enough to warrant
The subject should be kept under observation until he has
thoroughly completed the crime he set out to commit.
Exceptions are those
crimes which, if completed, would result in bodily harm to victims.
continued surveillance, even after all the elements of a crime have been
completed, can be rewarding.
Don't be too anxious to make an apprehension;
wait and observe.
After apprehension, additional contacts that the subject
might have made cannot be observed.
e. Surveillance activities must be recorded with care.
detailed notes and logs; still and movie camera (often with special lenses,
films, and light sources).
Also consider tape recorders and miniature
electronic listening devices. Use any appropriate device that may aid you.
a. Identification of the Subject.
If the subject is unknown, the best
method of identification is to have him pointed out.
Someone who knows him
should do this. You should also be given a photo and a detailed description of
The description should include the subject's individual and
It should also include his clothing and walking
habits. Characteristics that are visible from the rear should particularly be
emphasized. This is where you will most often view him. Also, learn as much
as possible about the subject's social routine. Where will he go? How will he
Where will he eat?
Will he frequent expensive or inexpensive
restaurants, clubs, or hotels?
A photo and detailed description of the
subject's automobile should be obtained.
b. Appearance of the Surveillant.
Based on the data above, you should
prepare yourself accordingly. Dress should be conservative unless such is not
customary for the area. If not, such attire would be conspicuous. Your dress
should harmonize with the area or neighborhood you surveil. Dress must blend
with the environment. Then, if the subject sees you once or more you will not
leave any lasting impressions. You will not cause suspicion. This "disguise"
is to show that you normally and naturally belong in the area.
On a military reservation, it may be best to wear uniform.
Care must be
exercised, however, in wearing items such as rank or branch insignia other than
that authorized. In doing this you may be recognized and compromised by the
remarks of an innocent third party.
Appearance should not stop at just the manner of dress. Rings or other jewelry
may have to be omitted. These would include only ones indicating professional
status or societies. If such a ring is normally worn, it should be replaced by
an ordinary ring. Otherwise, a visible mark would be left on the finger. This
could arouse suspicion. A bulge in a coat or pocket indicating a firearm may
also be a giveaway.